Rubrics: A Criterion-referenced Evaluation Manual for Enhancing Objectivity

usage of evaluation rubrics will become mandatory in the education system.

Rubrics: A Criterion-referenced Evaluation Manual for Enhancing Objectivity

Feb-18-2021, Articles

“Assessment is like an engine that drives students learning”. In this context, it is important that the engine should be flawless and perfectly tuned to a certain level of standards. A simple anecdote to depict the significance of the consolidation and tuning of the assessment tool is narrated here. 

“Once three persons were assigned a task to value the worth of a tree. The first person valued that the tree is highly beneficial for it is a high yielding fruit tree. The second person was much moved by its lush and beautiful overgrowth; he valued it based on how it contributes to the serenity and natural ambience of the environment around. The third person with a materialistic eye was more attracted about the size of the trunk, which is about one meter in diameter, he estimates that it could be a good deal in the timber market”. All these three persons are right from their perspectives, moreover, they will never converge to a unique opinion. Hence consolidation of significant criteria relevant to the scenario and elimination of biasedness in the estimation process is an essential characteristic of a good evaluation system. Especially if the evaluation is about a performance-based activity then a set of exclusive traits or criteria should be formulated, this could be made possible by using an evaluation Rubrics.

Structure of Rubrics

A rubric is an evaluation manual used for scoring the students’ response, based on the expectation of quality around a task. A rubric includes three components:

  1. the criteria to which evaluation to be made 
  2. the scale of assessment of the criteria
  3. the qualitative statements corresponding to each criterion (descriptors). 

Rubrics  Task Descriptions

Here, a rubric will help to identify how well the students have met the criteria corresponding to the learning outcome than their respective position with respect to their peers. Thus, for an objective estimation of student’s performance using assessments tools like assignments, projects, seminars, portfolios, exams etc. it would be ideal to prepare evaluation Rubrics, based on the criteria that are significant.

Types of Rubrics

Based on the type of scales adopted in the rubrics we could classify the rubrics as Checklist, Holistic rubrics and Analytic Rubrics. If we adopt a dichotomous scale like “yes or no”, “criteria met or not met” we call it as a Check List. This type of rubrics is easy to use and it will only ensure the presence of the trait or criteria. It does not give any information about the level of performance related to the criteria.

In both holistic rubrics and analytic rubrics, Likert rating scale is used to mark the level of performance of the students. The holistic rubrics is modelled in such a way that it does not differentiate the various criteria of performance, instead assigns a single score based on an overall assessment of the students work. Analytic rubric digs deep into criteria-level to project the criteria wise judgement of the student’s work. However, the score assigned to each level of performance is an ordinal scale of measurement.

Preparation of Rubrics

Preparation of an evaluation rubrics creates clarity of focus on the assessment process and outcomes among the assessors. This will directly influence the teachers in generating the right environment for learning appropriate for the learning outcomes. It is also a good practice to share the rubrics to the students so that they remain focused on their learning process. The development of rubrics requires a deep insight into the curricular structure and the nature of activity or tools for which rubrics are developed. The sequential steps in the construction of a rubrics are detailed here.

The first stage is the review of the learning outcomes by breaking down the outcomes into component outcomes and connect it to the activities or tools for which the evaluation rubrics are developed.

The next stage is to identify the set of criteria related to the activity that addresses the component outcome under consideration.

The third stage is to develop quality statements for each criterion. These statements should be specific, observable and measurable descriptors which characteristics the expectation at each level of performance.

The fourth stage is to arrange the criteria and scale of measurement with the appropriate qualifying statement in a tabular grid. The fifth stage will be to assign a numerical score to each level of performance.

The next phase is to ensure the fairness of the rubrics with expert opinion from resource persons and by using it to evaluate the previous students’ performance. It is also a good practice to share the rubrics to the students before they involve in the assigned activity that will be assessed.

Rubrics Task description2

In an OBE enabled evaluation plan, the evaluation rubrics must be integrated with the outcomes – at both course level and the program level with which the activities correlate. For this, each criterion must be mapped onto the corresponding outcomes that each criterion addresses. Also, the mapping strength should be recorded in terms of high, moderate or low.  This should be mentioned in a score pattern which ranges from 3 to 1. It should be presented as a matrix extension grid of various criteria to outcomes at the course level and program level as shown in the figure.

Rubrics Task description3

The weighted average of the attainment scores converted into a three-point scale will contribute to the score of outcome attainment with respect to the activity. These attainments could be cumulated to the Program matrix table or the course matrix table for computation of the respective course outcome or program outcome.

Development of an appropriate analytic rubrics is a skill which needs a certain level of expertise. However, there are few customizable templates available online, for easier creation of rubrics. Beginners who are not familiar with rubrics-making can work with such templates to enhance the competency level so that in further stages they could build better rubrics independently as per the requirements.

Conclusion

In the milieu of the new educational policy 2020, revolutionary changes are happening in the higher education system towards enhancement of quality and transformation of India to a knowledge superpower. One major focus of the transformation is the change of the education system from input-based to output-based. Consequently, there is a change in the curricular level activities from a lower-order learning process to a higher-order learning process.

In such a situation, for assessments of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS), we cannot completely rely on a paper-pencil summative test. To ensure authenticity in student-level assessment, we must incorporate multi-level performance-based activities and projects. Obviously, the usage of evaluation rubrics will become mandatory in the education system. Clearly, a rubric enabled assessment scheme will safeguard objectivity and validity of the evaluation process, based on set criteria and outcomes.

 

ipsr solutions ltd.

106 Replies to “Rubrics: A Criterion-referenced Evaluation Manual for Enhancing Objectivity”

  1. George Mathew says:

    Thanks for the detailed discussion of Rubrics. It is very useful to teachers

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear George Mathew, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  2. Arya Rameshan says:

    Thank you sir. Thank you for valuable discussion, it’s very useful for every faculty

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Arya Rameshan, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

    2. Archana U says:

      Thank you, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  3. Parvathi S Shaji says:

    Well researched aspects about the concept of rubrics

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Parvathi S Shaji, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  4. MOHAMMAD HASHEER says:

    Thanks for the detailed discussion of Rubrics

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Mohammad Hasheer, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  5. Geena Jose says:

    Thanks for the detailed discussion and its very useful

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Geena Jose, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

    2. Archana U says:

      Thank you, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  6. J.V.Satyanarayana says:

    Valuable & Good information on Rubrics

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear J.V.Satyanarayana, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  7. Dr.K.Swarnasri says:

    Do all rubrics need to be evaluated for all the experiments in practical courses? Is it really possible.

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Dr.K.Swarnasri, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  8. Thalluru Suneetha says:

    Thank for the description about rubrics.

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Thalluru Suneetha, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

    2. Archana U says:

      Thank You, for your feedback as our blog was informative and valuable for you.

  9. Manju Mukundan says:

    Very informative

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Manju Mukundan, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

    2. Archana U says:

      Thank You, for your feedback as our blog was informative and valuable for you.

  10. M.Periyasamy says:

    very useful content.

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear M.Periyasamy, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  11. Dr J. Papeetha says:

    Very Useful

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Dr J. Papeetha, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

    2. Archana U says:

      Thank you, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  12. SREEKALA A T says:

    THANK YOU FOR OBE INFORMATIOM

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear SREEKALA A T, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  13. SREEKALA A T says:

    Thank you

    1. Archana U says:

      Thank you, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  14. Neethu Ann Georgie says:

    Thank you

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Neethu Ann Georgie, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  15. Mahesh T R says:

    Very informative.

    1. Archana U says:

      Thank you, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  16. Mahesh T R says:

    Very informative materials.

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Mahesh T R, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  17. Komal K Dave says:

    Thank you

    1. Archana U says:

      Dear Komal K Dave, Thanks for leaving us such wonderful feedback. We are happy that our blog was informative and valuable for you. If you have any queries, feel free to contact us at academicsolutions@ipsrsolutions.com

  18. Dr. Princy K.G says:

    Very informative session

  19. Dr. Princy K.G says:

    Thank you very much.

  20. R.Loga priya says:

    Very useful material

  21. ABIRAMI P says:

    VERY USEFUL

  22. Excellent hands-on exposure to OBE

  23. Amaravathi says:

    Simple and easily understandable description

  24. Amaravathi says:

    Good explanation

  25. Sushama Jose says:

    Thank you for sharing Rubrics details to assess students learning out come.It is very informative

  26. sajesh says:

    Thank you

  27. Asha says:

    Thanks for the information about rubrics.

  28. Dr.Adilakshmi says:

    thank you .very informative

  29. Dr. Sreekala M says:

    The Rubrics is an innovative term that I ever noticed in the case of evaluation

  30. Valuable & Good information on Rubrics. Thank you.

  31. Deepamala N says:

    Nice explanation of rubrics

  32. Amrita Manish Bhatia says:

    Very informative and helpful

  33. Thanks for the detailed description of Rubrics

  34. Sachin Ruikar says:

    Very Usefull

  35. Jalaj Kumar Pandey says:

    Very Informative session

  36. poojasharma says:

    Very informative page.

  37. prajeesh says:

    thank you for such a detailed discription

  38. prajeesh says:

    thank you for such a nice description

  39. Sujitha says:

    thanks for the information.

  40. sujitha says:

    Thanks for the information

  41. AISWARYA P M says:

    very informative and detailed session

  42. AISWARYA P M says:

    very innovative ideas and presentation

  43. Treesa T Pulickal says:

    Thanks for the material

  44. Rithanya says:

    thank you, it was very helpful

  45. Dr.Ajit kumar Singh says:

    Good explanation

  46. Shahaji Patil says:

    Good

  47. Anoopa Krishnan says:

    EXCELLENT AND EASILY UNDERSTANDABLE DESCRIPTION.THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THIS BLOG

  48. M. Ramya says:

    Very useful

  49. Amandeep Kaur says:

    Very informative

  50. Neethu Sunny says:

    Thanks for the detailed description of Rubrics

  51. anisha dimple says:

    informative

  52. Joy Augustine says:

    Of course it is Informative and useful especially in this era of sweeping changes in the education field and NAAC

  53. SARANYA says:

    VERY USEFUL

  54. R.Karthika says:

    Very useful

  55. JITHUMON JOY says:

    thank you sir. it was very nice presentation

  56. JITHUMON JOY says:

    very nice

  57. SIVARAMYA says:

    VERY USEFUL

  58. Dr. Jitendra V. mehta says:

    During this FDP I got importance of rubrics. It is very useful in the practical session and proper evaluation of student performance on practical examination using rubrics.

  59. Dr. Jitendra V. mehta says:

    Types of rubrics and how to prepare the rubricss..etc very effectively explained.

  60. Mrs Narmadha S says:

    Thanks for this session

  61. Dr. Remya says:

    Good and effective one

  62. Dr. V. Vasudevan says:

    Highly informative

  63. Vanchinathan S says:

    Very useful

  64. Vanchinathan S says:

    Informative session

  65. Vanchinathan S says:

    Very Excellent session.

  66. Vanchinathan S says:

    Excellent session at einsteinvanchi@gmail.com

  67. BLAIRIL VISHMA DCUNHA says:

    USEFUL

  68. K Tamilarasu says:

    Excellent sessions

  69. Geethu Varghese says:

    nice material

  70. Neeta M says:

    informative and enlightening session

  71. Neeta M says:

    efficient effort

  72. Pearl Monteiro says:

    Very useful

  73. S.Nirmalraj says:

    Informative Session

  74. Lonkham Boruah says:

    Gathered a bunch of knowledge

  75. kalaiselvi S R says:

    very
    useful

  76. V.Jayashree says:

    GOOD AND INFORMATIVE

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free Email Updates!

Join us for FREE to get instant email updates!

Your Information is Safe With us!

Articles

National Level Online FDP on OBE by Nirmala College in Association with KSHEC

Highlights of the FDP: Programme sessions are delivered through synchronous-asynchronous hybrid mode. Live webinars steered the sessions and streamed through multiple channels. Hands-on Activities through LMS provide an enriched learning experience. 2040 Participants from 684 Institutions from 29 States (including Union Territories) and 1 institution from Qatar-Doha. Brochure: Resource Persons: Dr Mendus Jacob: Professor & […]

Customer Success Spotlight: RVS College, Coimbatore

A journey begins. In 2019, just before the pandemic started, we were contacted by RVS College regarding OBE implementation. That’s how our relationship with our latest QnSmart i customer began. Our deep expertise, our research insights, and our dedication and focus on helping colleges and universities get geared for today’s education landscape convinced RVS College […]

UGC promotes inclusion of Indian Artists and Artisans in Indian HEIs as ‘Kalagurus’

UGC promotes inclusion of Indian Artists and Artisans in Indian HEIs as ‘Kalagurus’ The University Grants Commission (UGC) has recently proposed a draft regulation that will appoint local artists and artisans in colleges and universities. This initiative aligns with the National Education Policy 2020‘s goal of bridging the gap between higher education and the arts. […]

Understanding India: NEP-aligned Short Term courses on Indian Heritage and Culture

Understanding India: NEP-aligned Short Term courses on Indian Heritage and Culture India is a land of rich heritage and culture, and the University Grants Commission (UGC) has proposed introducing courses that showcase this diversity to attract international students. The UGC has issued draft guidelines for higher educational institutions to offer short-term modular programs on various […]

National Level Online FDP on OBE by St James Colleges in Association with KSHEC

National Level Online FDP on OBE by St James College of Nursing and St James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Association with Kerala State Higher Education Council   Highlights of the FDP: The sessions of the programme are delivered through synchronous-asynchronous hybrid mode. Live webinars steered the sessions and streamed through multiple channels. Enriched learning […]

National Level Faculty Development Programme on OBE at JPM College

Highlights of the FDP: The FDP sessions delivered through synchronous-asynchronous hybrid mode Live webinars steered the sessions and streamed through multiple channels Hands-on activities through LMS enriched the learning 1100 participants from 450+ institutions Brochure Resource Persons: Dr Mendus Jacob: Professor & Director, MCA, Marian College Kuttikkanam (Autonomous) A former Director of the School of […]

Demonstrating Value: Enhancing Your NAAC Grade with Add-On Courses

Add-on courses are short-term training programs that are designed to supplement the core curriculum of a degree program. These courses are usually offered as certificate or diploma courses, and they provide students with additional skills and knowledge that are relevant to their field of study. Add-on Courses and the New Curriculum Framework The hallmark of […]

7-Day Online Faculty Development Programme on Outcome Based Education(OBE)

The Internal Quality Assurance Cell(IQAC) of SES College, Sreekandapuram in association with The Kerala State Higher Education Council Organized one week National Level Online Faculty Development program on Outcome Based Education(OBE) from 18th to 25th January 2022. The Sessions were conducted through live webinars along with hands-on activities through Learning Management Portal(LMS). Brochure:  Resource Persons: […]

7-Day Online Faculty Development Programme on Outcome Based Education(OBE)

The PG Department of Computer Applications and The Internal Quality Assurance cell(IQAC) of Marian College Kuttikkanam(Autonomous) in association with The Kerala State Higher Education Council Organized one week National Level Online Faculty Development program on Outcome Based Education(OBE) in Computer Science discipline from 8th to 15th December 2022. The Sessions were conducted through live webinars […]

Institutional Preparedness for NEP 2020: A Comprehensive Checklist for Indian Higher Education Institutions

As per the National Education Policy 2020, higher education in India is poised for a transformational change. All Indian HEIs will be expected to achieve a number of milestones to ensure they are fully prepared for the rollout of NEP 2020. This is also a requirement for Accreditation. When trying to get your institution ready […]

How RHA can benefit in flexibility and enrichment of the curriculum from NAAC and OBE perspective

Red Hat Academy (RHA) is a Free Academic partnership from Red Hat, the American multinational software company and the world’s leading provider of enterprise open source solutions. Red Hat Academy provides a curriculum to help education institutions keep pace with the demands of the industry. The curriculum involves hands-on instruction across the platform, middleware, and […]

National Level Online FDP on OBE by Nirmala College in Association with KSHEC

Highlights of the FDP: Programme sessions are delivered through synchronous-asynchronous hybrid mode. Live webinars steered the sessions and streamed through multiple channels. Hands-on Activities through LMS provide an enriched learning experience. 2040 Participants from 684 Institutions from 29 States (including Union Territories) and 1 institution from Qatar-Doha. Brochure: Resource Persons: Dr Mendus Jacob: Professor & […]

Copyright @ 2023 Copyright ipsr solutions ltd ipsr solutions limited. All rights reserved